Subject Guides

Guide Contents


The Open Repository @Binghamton, also known as The ORB, is intended to showcase scholarly and creative works of individuals affiliated with Binghamton University. Works deposited into the ORB are openly accessible and discoverable via search engines such as Google. The ORB tracks usage statistics of each work and each submission receives copyright verification.

Open Educational Resources Guide

"Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching and learning materials that you may freely use and reuse at no cost. Unlike fixed, copyrighted resources, OER have been authored or created by an individual or organization that chooses to retain few, if any, ownership rights" (OER Commons, CC BY-SA)

Open Educational Resources allows educators to:

  • retain the right to make, own and control,
  • reuse,
  • revise,
  • remix
  • redistribute

 (SPARC: Open Education)


Use this guide to navigate through available options.

Licensing and Attribution: Details Creative Commons licensing and attribution

Evaluation: Provides rubrics and guidance for selecting an appropriate OER

Images:  Links to image sites that fall within creative commons and public domain

Textbooks: Offers websites that link to open textbooks & guidance for digital textbook development

Locate: Discover where to find open educational resources

Justify: Learn more about the legal and ethical importance of the OER movement

Creation: Presents information about developing open textbooks and other OERs

Courseware: Provides links to sites that openly offer syllabi and course activities

Accessibility: Learn about universal design and the importance of ADA compliance

CC BYMarkus Büsges 

Where is open research?

Open Research Data:

Open Access Journal Articles and Pre-preprints:

Open Books:

Open Course Content and Textbooks:

Open Standards from Open

Open Science: 
Open Science represents a new approach to the scientific process based on cooperative work and new ways of diffusing knowledge by using digital technologies and new collaborative tools (European Commission, 2016b:33). The OECD defines Open Science as:  “to make the primary outputs of publicly funded research results – publications and the research data – publicly accessible in digital format with no or minimal restriction” (OECD, 2015:7)

  • Foster Open Science contains advice on making each step of scientific process more open.
  • Open Science MOOC has modules for teaching Open Science for students and researchers.
  • CORE aggregates articles and data with APIs to facilitate open science.

Policy on Page Charges

The Binghamton University Libraries strive to provide service, support, and access to tools and materials for successful scholarly activity at BU. Page charges for scholarly journal articles can be required for publication of materials for Open Access or similarly named publishing models.

The Libraries recommends that researchers and authors consider the following when preparing manuscripts:

  • Check with the funding agency program rules for allowing page charges. Some federal or state agencies are prohibited from using grant funds to pay for these charges.
  • Designate a line item on your research grant budget for publication charges. Consult with Research Foundation staff or the Grant and Contract Administrator for your program on how best to document this information in your grant budget narrative.
  • Check the author information in the journal. Any publication or page charge requirements should be clearly stated.

Why are there page charges? Previous subscription-based journal cost models are being replaced with Open Access and other similarly named policies. These models may require authors to pay a fee to make the article available to all researchers, not just those with a library subscription.

How can I tell if a journal has page charges for publication? There are lists of these journals available online, the most comprehensive of which is the Directory of Open Access Journals.

What is an embargo period? The length of time an article will be available to those with a current subscription to the journal. Embargo periods vary from a few months to longer than one year. Once this time has passed the article is available to everyone.

What do I do if I’m a co-author and my collaborator can’t pay the publication charge? All authors can contribute to the publication charge. Consult with your co-authors and their institutions prior to submitting your manuscript.

Browser Extensions to link to Open Access articles