Binghamton University SOPPS, and many other pharmacists, use either NLM, Vancouver, or Chicago styles.
Directly below is a Quick Citation Guide to the National Library of Medicine (NLM) format put together for SOPPS. Further below are quick examples of journal and drug information database citations.
There are hundreds of citation styles that all express the same information in various orders and formats. There are tools that help with the specifics of citations but it is important, and beneficial, to know what it is that makes up the citation.
The two parts of every citation style:
Both of these parts need to be present to have an adequate citation. The bibliography entry is often the most complicated and where the majority of differences between citation styles occur. Almost all styles are made up of the same components:
Text Recycling, also referred to as Self Plagiarism, is when an author uses their own text/words from a previous publication in a new publication. While there is debate about the acceptability of the practice it is usually agreed that when an author reuses their own words and ideas they should cite themselves and limit the amount of direct copying.
For students, this occurs is assignments, rather than published materials. Even though some assignments are very similar throughout the university career, students should not reproduce their own work without citing themselves and checking with their professors.
Here are a few resources discussing the topic
Citation/Reference management tools are incredibly helpful! Not only do they help you keep all of your research organized and in one place, they help you write your citations! Below are a few options to chose from. They all work about the same so use whichever you personally prefer.
If you need assistance with any of these, just ask!
In addition, there are various websites that will take the components of a citation and put it in the appropriate format for the style you need. A couple examples include: Citation Machine, EasyBib, and BibMe.