All students at Binghamton University are obligated to abide by the University’s Student Academic Honesty Code, which is available in the Bulletin under “Academic Policies and Procedures - All Students” (copies of the code are also distributed to students during Orientation).
While the code does not offer a definition of academic honesty, it does explain that “academic dishonesty involves misappropriation of academic or intellectual credit to oneself or to the discredit of others.” The acts of academic dishonesty listed as examples in the code include plagiarism, cheating on exams, multiple submissions, unauthorized collaboration, fabrication, misrepresentation, forgery, sabotage, and bribery.
The code also provides information on its implementation, publication/dissemination, and interpretation.
The Student Academic Honesty Code defines plagiarism as follows:
“Presenting the work of another person as one’s own work (including papers, words, ideas, information, computer code, data, evidence-organizing principles, or style of presentation of someone else taken from the Internet, books, periodicals or other sources). Plagiarism includes:
Richard Wightman Fox, a professor of history at USC, offers students this advice on the issue:
“Don’t claim the ideas or words of someone else as your own. Do use the ideas and words of others to help develop your own. Do have friends read and comment on drafts of your papers. Always give explicit credit when you use anyone’s exact thoughts or language, whether in paraphrasing or quoting them. Give an acknowledgment to someone who’s helped you overall. Intellectual work is about developing and sharing your ideas, and it’s about taking note of and praising other people who have shared good ones with you.”
From his 2004 article “A Heartbreaking Problem of Staggering Proportions,” in Journal of American History 90, no. 4 (p. 1346).
Stable link: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3660353.
Plagiarism can be avoided by citing your sources. Here are some additional tips:
When you cite something you are giving credit to the appropriate source for information, ideas, words, or images that are not your own. Citations also help you build a strong argument by demonstrating your credibility to your reader(s).
Depending on the particular context, giving credit to a source may take different forms. In academic work, giving credit is done with formal citations following a specific style like APA, MLA, Chicago Manual of Style, or others. In other contexts, credit may be given in a less formal manner. For example, Twitter users retweet rather than copy/pasting another person's words and representing them as their own.
Cite direct quotes, paraphrases, summaries, statistics/data, charts/graphs, and images.
Citations are required regardless of whether material is protected by copyright or in the public domain and regardless of medium.
Do not cite information that is common knowledge. This includes information and facts that are widely known, such as the dates of historical events or the chemical formula of water. What's considered common knowledge may vary depending on the subject area or your audience. If you're unsure whether something is considered common knowledge for the purposes of a particular assignment, consult your instructor.
Citation styles provide rules for writing and formatting in-text citations (i.e., parenthetical citations, footnotes, or endnotes) and source lists (e.g., bibliography, works cited). These styles also provide guidance on how to format the text of the paper (including use of graphs, charts, and images) and writing conventions for the field.
Your instructor may require the use of a specific style or allow students to choose. Either way, what's important is that you use the style consistently throughout your paper.
Citation managers allow you to save citation information for materials that you're using in your research. With that information, they are able to generate your in-text citations (parenthetical or footnotes) and bibliographies in most styles.
Citation managers can not determine if or when something needs to be cited. It is still necessary to review the final formatted paper, since errors contained in the original information saved in these tools, including spelling errors, will appear in the final product.
For more information on various Citation Managers, and the assistance the Libraries' can offer in using these tools, see our Citation Managers page.