All students at Binghamton University are obligated to abide by the Binghamton University Student Academic Honestly Code, which is outlined in the University Bulletin under Academic Policies and Procedures - All Students.
The code outlines what are the principals of academic honesty, what violates those principals, and what are the punishments students can receive for violations of the code.
The Binghamton University Student Academic Honesty Code defines violation of the academic honesty code as "the principle that [..] involves misappropriation of academic or intellectual credit to oneself or to the credit of others."
Some specific examples, though not inclusive, include cheating; multiple submissions of one assignment, unauthorized collaboration, fabrication and misrepresentation of work or authorship, sabotage, forgery and bribery.
Plagiarism is another violation of the Student Academic Honesty Code.
The Student Academic Honesty Code defines plagiarism as "Presenting the work of another person as one's own work (including papers, words, ideas, information, computer code, data, evidence, organizing principals, or styles of presentation) of someone else taken from the Internet, books, periodicals, or other sources."
When you cite something you give credit to the appropriate source for quotes, information, and ideas that are not your own. Credit should be given to the sources that are directly quoted from, as well as the sources consulted for ideas used in your research.
A comprehensive list that can cover all possibilities in your research is impossible to create. However, if you follow these guidelines, you are likely to lower your chances of committing plagiarism:
Information that can be considered "common knowledge" does not need to be cited. Common knowledge refers to information and facts that are widespread, such as the dates of historical events or the chemical formula of water. Common knowledge can also be information that you knew about your subject without doing research. However, common knowledge can change depending on your research and your academic level - something that is well known to a biologist may be new information to you.
A good rule is that if you are not sure if something needs to be cited, talk to your professor or cite it.
Citation is done according to a specific style, which provides rules for the formatting of the bibliography, reference list, or footnotes; how to refer to the citations in the text; and how to format the text of the paper, graphs and charts within the paper and writing conventions for the field. Common citation styles include APA, MLA and Chicago Style, although many subjects and journals have their own styles.
Your professor may require the use of a specific style, or leave it up to you to pick one that you feel most comfortable. What is important is that you use a specific style and stick with it consistently throughout the paper.
RefWorks allows you to save citations of materials that you have used in your research into your own database. It then generates your in-text citations, footnotes, and citation lists for you.
RefWorks allows you to easily keep track of what materials you have consulted, and since it works with , it is easy to go back to the full-text of sources that we have available. You can also annotate your citations with your own notes. And since RefWorks is compatible with most of our databases and services such as Google Scholar, you can import citations directly into RefWorks, making it less likely that you will forget to record information necessary for your bibliography later.
RefWorks can not, however, determine if or when something needs to be cited. And while using RefWorks, it is still necessary to review the final formatted paper, since errors contained in the original information saved in RefWorks, including spelling errors, will appear in the final product.
For more information on RefWorks, see the Binghamton University Libraries' RefWorks page.