Primary Legal Databases
The Library of Congress guide for Researching Judicial Decisions provides a good introduction and overview of resources to consult when researching judicial decisions (court opinions). Many free online sites provide access to federal decisions. For more comprehensive searching use LexisNexis Academic or Westlaw Next below.
Secondary Legal Sources
Secondary sources explain and provide context for understanding the law. They also provide references to statutes and cases and are often the best way to begin your legal research.
American Jurisprudence 2d is available in LexisNexis Academic: Search by Subject or Topic > Legal > Legal Reference > Advanced Options. Am Jur 2d articles summarize broad principles of law and provide citations to cases and statutes.
American Law Reports is available in Westlaw Next: Home > All Content > Secondary Sources. ALR provides in-depth articles on narrow topics of law. Includes background, analysis and citations.
Law journals publish articles with comprehensive studies of current topics in law. Articles are generally written by practitioners and academics, and contain citations to primary and secondary sources on the topic providing leads to additional relevant information.
In LexisNexis Academic: Search by Subject or Topic > Law Reviews
In Westlaw Next: Home > All Content > Secondary Sources to find.
Understanding Case Law Citations
Case citations are used to refer to opinions and identify where they have been published in reporters.
Elements of a citation include:
- Names of the lead parties (plaintiff versus defendant)
- Volume number of the reporter
- Abbreviation of the name of the reporter (case reporter abbreviations)
- First page number of the opinion
- Abbreviation for the court and the year the opinion was issued in parentheses (federal court abbreviations)
Official Case Reporters for Federal Cases
NYS Legal - Web Resources
New York Case Law
If you do not have a citation, use a secondary source such as a legal encyclopedia to get an overview of the subject and references to relevant primary sources such as case, regulations and statutes.
Most New York court decisions can be retrieved from Lexis-Nexis Academic, Westlaw Next, the courts, and other case law sites on the web such as Findlaw. The Libraries have the following print reporters.
New York Reports, Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Court of Appeals of the State of New York, 1st and 2d (Library Annex)
Official reporter of NYS cases. Library owns through 2002. See Lexis-Nexis Academic, Westlaw Next or court web sites for subsequent decisions.
New York Supplement, 1st and 2d KFN 5045 .A33-A333 (3rd floor)
A commercial publication, with annotations, reporting decisions for cases argued in New York State courts (Court of Appeals, Appellate Division of the Supreme Court, Supreme Court, and others). Library owns through 2007. See Lexis-Nexis Academic, Westlaw Next or court web sites for subsequent decisions.
New York Miscellaneous Reports KFN 5051 .A5
The library owns v.1-208, 1892-1955. (Library Annex)
New York Court of Appeals Reports KFN 5045 .A18
The library owns v.1-309, 1859-1955. (Library Annex)
N. Y. Supreme Court, Appellate Division Reports KFN 5048 .A22
Appellate Division Reports (Library Annex)
The library owns series 1, v.1-286, 1896-1955.
Abbott New York Digest 2d 1930-1961 KFN 5057 .A2 1971 (3rd floor)
West's New York Digest 3d 1961-1978 KFN 5057 .A2 1979 (3rd floor)
West's New York Digest 4th 1978-present REF KFN 5057 .A2 1989
Digests contain brief excerpts of case facts or court opinions and are classified by subject. Because case reporters are published chronologically, digests are often necessary to locate opinions relevant to a particular topic. Digests may be used to find the citation to cases when only a subject area or certain facts of the case are known.
Digests serve as indexes to New York State court cases. There is an index to cases by plaintiff and defendant, and a word index to the subject headings used in the main body of the index.
New York Statutes
Chapter or Session Laws: A New York State bill passed into law is referred to as a "chapter law," or a "session law". Also includes memoranda commenting on individual statutes, the governor's messages, and the like. There are two types of published law:
- Consolidated Laws: Most, not all, NYS laws codified by subject.
- Unconsolidated Laws: Legally binding but not codified, usually because they don't affect the whole state.
New York Rules & Regulations
New York Code Rules & Regulations (NYCRR) (unofficial version)
Official Compilation, Codes, Regulations of the State of New York (Ref KFN5025 .A3) Official version with current rules and regulations of all state agencies. Arranged by issuing agency in looseleaf.
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- Last Updated: May 18, 2023 11:47 AM
- URL: https://libraryguides.binghamton.edu/legal_research
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