HIST484P/567N/AAAS484G: China's Borderlands
Land of China
China stretches for about 3,250 miles (5,250 km) from east to west and 3,400 miles (5,500 km) from north to south. Its land frontier is about 12,400 miles (20,000 km) in length, and its coastline extends for some 8,700 miles (14,000 km). The country is bounded by Mongolia to the north; Russia and North Korea to the northeast; the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea to the east; the South China Sea to the southeast; Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar (Burma), India, Bhutan, and Nepal to the south; Pakistan to the southwest; and Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Kazakhstan to the west. In addition to the 14 countries that border directly on it, China also faces South Korea and Japan, across the Yellow Sea, and the Philippines, which lie beyond the South China Sea.
("China." Britannica Academic, Encyclopædia Britannica, 1 Nov. 2021. academic-eb-com.proxy.binghamton.edu/levels/collegiate/article/China/117321.)
Map (est. time between 1800-1916) from the University of California, San Diego
China. Images, n.d. https://jstor.org/stable/community.13564637.